详解pycharm新建文件时头部的模板

    xiaoxiao2021-03-25  32


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    文章目录

    **如何对pycharm头部模板进行个人的全新定制呢?****1、Creating a file template from scratch****2、Creating a file template from an existing one ****3、Creating a file template from a file****4、Creating and referencing include templates** pycharm新建文件时的头部模板,即默认的: author = ‘$USER’,pycharm下依次“File→settings→Editor→File and Code Template”即可找到界面,如下:

    如何对pycharm头部模板进行个人的全新定制呢?

    JetBrains的官方帮助文档里说的很详细了,这里画蛇添足赘述一下,努力做到详细精确,傻瓜操作,即copy即用:

    pycharm总共支持四种方法来创建模板: 1. Creating a file template from scratch 2. Creating a file template from an existing one 3. Creating a file template from a file 4. Creating and referencing include templates

    1、Creating a file template from scratch

    这是最简单常用的一种方法,以python为例,模板的默认头部为:

    __author__ = '$USER' # '$USER' 为预定义的变量,为你当前登录的计算机用户名

    其他的一些可选的预定义变量有:

    ${PROJECT_NAME} - the name of the current project. ${NAME} - the name of the new file which you specify in the New File dialog box during the file creation. ${USER} - the login name of the current user. ${DATE} - the current system date. ${TIME} - the current system time. ${YEAR} - the current year. ${MONTH} - the current month. ${DAY} - the current day of the month. ${HOUR} - the current hour. ${MINUTE} - the current minute. ${PRODUCT_NAME} - the name of the IDE in which the file will be created. ${MONTH_NAME_SHORT} - the first 3 letters of the month name. Example: Jan, Feb, etc. ${MONTH_NAME_FULL} - full name of a month. Example: January, February, etc.

    例如,如果你还想加上该文件创建的时间:

    __time__ = '${DATE}'

    当然,也可以组合使用:

    __time__ = '${DATE} ${TIME}' #显示如下: __author__ = 'oukohou' __time__ = '2017/3/14 10:46'

    而如果你觉得预定义的这些太少啦,不能满足你狂拽酷炫的需求,那么,pycharm也支持自定义,格式为:

    #set( $GirlFriend = "Jingjing" ) __girlFriend__ = '${GirlFriend}' 显示如下: __girlFriend__ = 'Jingjing'

    还可以覆盖预定义变量:

    #set($USER = "Handsome") __author__ = '$USER' #显示如下: __author__ = 'Handsome'

    美元符号本身用’${DS}’,示例:

    __dollar__ = '${DS}' #显示如下: __dollar__ = '$'

    **2、Creating a file template from an existing one **

    就是copy已存在的头文件模板,示意图如下:

    先选中一个要copy的模板,然后点击复制,效果如下:

    3、Creating a file template from a file

    这个是将一个文件保存为模板,示意图如下:

    这时再次按照“File→settings→Editor→File and Code Template”打开,就会发现刚刚添加的模板了。

    4、Creating and referencing include templates

    这里用到了Template选项旁边的include选项:

    点击“+”号创建,写入内容,然后再返回Template选项通过“parse”来引用,这里依然以python的模板为例:

    显示如下:

    # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- __author__ = 'Handsome' __time__ = '2017/3/14 14:28' __girlFriend__ = 'Jingjing' __dollar__ = '$' hello, Jingjing. # If this runs wrong, don't ask me, I don't know why; # If this runs right, thank god, and I don't know why. # Maybe the answer, my friend, is blowing in the wind.

    以上。 你的赞是我的动力。

    个人github链接:oukohou的git ,后续会迁移一些东西,暂时比较空。 个人微信公共号:oukohou Scan and we will see.

    see also: JetBrains官方帮助文档 、 Apache-Velocity 。

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