AFNetworking的介绍与使用

    xiaoxiao2021-03-25  46

    转载:点击打开链接http://www.jianshu.com/p/a366c68d3ac6

    原著:JanzTam

    声明

    文章非本人所写,只是转来编辑方便阅读,让大家学习借鉴。 来源-iOS网络编程(7)第三方开源库 AFNetworking

    前言

    AFNetworking是一个为 iOS 和 Mac OSX 制作的令人愉快的网络库,它建立在URL 装载系统框架的顶层,内置在Cocoa里,扩展了强有力的高级网络抽象。它的模块架构被良好的设计,拥有丰富的功能,因此,使用起来,必定赏心悦目。

    AFNetworking-github原文链接,作者在此基础上了点配置修改

    介绍

    支持HTTP请求和基于REST的网络服务(包括GET、POST、 PUT、DELETE等)支持ARC要求iOS 5.0及以上版本UIKit扩展

    配置

    下载AFNetworking,将2个文件夹:AFNetworking和UIKit+AFNetworking拖入工程导入以下库文件:CFNetwork、Security、SystemConfiguration、MobileCoreServices如果你以前用的是1.0版本,那么AFNetworking 2.0 Migration Guide能帮助你如果你是用CocoaPods配置的,那么 platform:ios,'7.0' pod"AFNetworking","~>2.0"

    使用

    1. HTTP请求操作

    AFHTTPRequestOperationManager封装的共同模式与web应用程序通过HTTP通信,包括创建请求,响应序列化,网络可达性监控、运营管理和安全,以及请求。

    GET请求
    AFHTTPRequestOperationManager *manager = [AFHTTPRequestOperationManager manager]; [manager GET:@"[http://example.com/resources.json](http://example.com/resources.json)" parameters:nil success:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, id responseObject) { NSLog(@"JSON: %@", responseObject); } failure:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, NSError *error) { NSLog(@"Error: %@", error); }];
    POST请求
    AFHTTPRequestOperationManager *manager = [AFHTTPRequestOperationManager manager]; NSDictionary *parameters = @{@"foo": @"bar"}; [manager POST:@"http://example.com/resources.json" parameters:parameters success:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, id responseObject) { NSLog(@"JSON: %@", responseObject); } failure:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, NSError *error) { NSLog(@"Error: %@", error); }];
    POST请求(多表)
    AFHTTPRequestOperationManager *manager = [AFHTTPRequestOperationManager manager]; NSDictionary *parameters = @{@"foo": @"bar"}; NSURL *filePath = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:@"file://path/to/image.png"]; [manager POST:@"http://example.com/resources.json" parameters:parameters constructingBodyWithBlock:^(id<AFMultipartFormData> formData) { [formData appendPartWithFileURL:filePath name:@"image" error:nil]; } success:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, id responseObject) { NSLog(@"Success: %@", responseObject); } failure:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, NSError *error) { NSLog(@"Error: %@", error); }];

    2.AFURLSessionManager(NSURLSession详细见网络编程(6))

    创建和管理制定的NSURLSession对象NSURLSessionConfiguration对象必须实现<NSURLSessionTaskDelegate>, <NSURLSessionDataDelegate>, <NSURLSessionDownloadDelegate>, <NSURLSessionDelegate>协议

    创建一个下载任务
    NSURLSessionConfiguration *configuration = [NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration]; AFURLSessionManager *manager = [[AFURLSessionManager alloc] initWithSessionConfiguration:configuration]; NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/download.zip"]; NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:URL]; NSURLSessionDownloadTask *downloadTask = [manager downloadTaskWithRequest:request progress:nil destination:^NSURL *(NSURL *targetPath, NSURLResponse *response) { NSURL *documentsDirectoryURL = [[NSFileManager defaultManager] URLForDirectory:NSDocumentDirectory inDomain:NSUserDomainMask appropriateForURL:nil create:NO error:nil]; return [documentsDirectoryURL URLByAppendingPathComponent:[response suggestedFilename]]; } completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response, NSURL *filePath, NSError *error) { NSLog(@"File downloaded to: %@", filePath); }]; [downloadTask resume];
    创建一个上传任务
    NSURLSessionConfiguration *configuration = [NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration]; AFURLSessionManager *manager = [[AFURLSessionManager alloc] initWithSessionConfiguration:configuration]; NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/upload"]; NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:URL]; NSURL *filePath = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:@"file://path/to/image.png"]; NSURLSessionUploadTask *uploadTask = [manager uploadTaskWithRequest:request fromFile:filePath progress:nil completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response, id responseObject, NSError *error) { if (error) { NSLog(@"Error: %@", error); } else { NSLog(@"Success: %@ %@", response, responseObject); } }]; [uploadTask resume];
    创建一个带多表,进度的上传任务
    NSMutableURLRequest *request = [[AFHTTPRequestSerializer serializer] multipartFormRequestWithMethod:@"POST" URLString:@"http://example.com/upload" parameters:nil constructingBodyWithBlock:^(id<AFMultipartFormData> formData) { [formData appendPartWithFileURL:[NSURL fileURLWithPath:@"file://path/to/image.jpg"] name:@"file" fileName:@"filename.jpg" mimeType:@"image/jpeg" error:nil]; } error:nil]; AFURLSessionManager *manager = [[AFURLSessionManager alloc] initWithSessionConfiguration:[NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration]]; NSProgress *progress = nil; NSURLSessionUploadTask *uploadTask = [manager uploadTaskWithStreamedRequest:request progress:&progress completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response, id responseObject, NSError *error) { if (error) { NSLog(@"Error: %@", error); } else { NSLog(@"%@ %@", response, responseObject); } }]; [uploadTask resume];
    创建一个数据流Data任务
    NSURLSessionConfiguration *configuration = [NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration]; AFURLSessionManager *manager = [[AFURLSessionManager alloc] initWithSessionConfiguration:configuration]; NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/upload"]; NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:URL]; NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [manager dataTaskWithRequest:request completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response, id responseObject, NSError *error) { if (error) { NSLog(@"Error: %@", error); } else { NSLog(@"%@ %@", response, responseObject); } }]; [dataTask resume];

    3.网络监测(一般会用另一个网络监测类,Reachability,还有JSON解析方法)

    AFNetworkReachabilityManager监控网络领域的可达性,WWAN地址和WiFi接口.

    当前网络状态
    [[AFNetworkReachabilityManager sharedManager] setReachabilityStatusChangeBlock:^(AFNetworkReachabilityStatus status) { NSLog(@"Reachability: %@", AFStringFromNetworkReachabilityStatus(status)); }];
    HTTP Manager 可达性
    NSURL *baseURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/"]; AFHTTPRequestOperationManager *manager = [[AFHTTPRequestOperationManager alloc] initWithBaseURL:baseURL]; NSOperationQueue *operationQueue = manager.operationQueue; [manager.reachabilityManager setReachabilityStatusChangeBlock:^(AFNetworkReachabilityStatus status) { switch (status) { case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusReachableViaWWAN: case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusReachableViaWiFi: [operationQueue setSuspended:NO]; break; case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusNotReachable: default: [operationQueue setSuspended:YES]; break; } }];

    4. AFHTTPRequestOperation

    AFHTTPRequestOperation是使用HTTP或HTTPS协议的AFURLConnectionOperation的子类。 它封装的获取后的HTTP状态和类型将决定请求的成功与否。虽然AFHTTPRequestOperationManager通常是最好的去请求的方式,但是AFHTTPRequestOpersion也能够单独使用。

    GET请求
    NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/resources/123.json"]; NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:URL]; AFHTTPRequestOperation *op = [[AFHTTPRequestOperation alloc] initWithRequest:request]; op.responseSerializer = [AFJSONResponseSerializer serializer]; [op setCompletionBlockWithSuccess:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, id responseObject) { NSLog(@"JSON: %@", responseObject); } failure:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, NSError *error) { NSLog(@"Error: %@", error); }]; [[NSOperationQueue mainQueue] addOperation:op];
    批量多请求
    NSMutableArray *mutableOperations = [NSMutableArray array]; for (NSURL *fileURL in filesToUpload) { NSURLRequest *request = [[AFHTTPRequestSerializer serializer] multipartFormRequestWithMethod:@"POST" URLString:@"http://example.com/upload" parameters:nil constructingBodyWithBlock:^(id<AFMultipartFormData> formData) { [formData appendPartWithFileURL:fileURL name:@"images[]" error:nil]; }]; AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation = [[AFHTTPRequestOperation alloc] initWithRequest:request]; [mutableOperations addObject:operation]; } NSArray *operations = [AFURLConnectionOperation batchOfRequestOperations:@[...] progressBlock:^(NSUInteger numberOfFinishedOperations, NSUInteger totalNumberOfOperations) { NSLog(@"%lu of %lu complete", numberOfFinishedOperations, totalNumberOfOperations); } completionBlock:^(NSArray *operations) { NSLog(@"All operations in batch complete"); }]; [[NSOperationQueue mainQueue] addOperations:operations waitUntilFinished:NO];

    推荐其它参考文章: 1、iOS网络编程之ASIHTTPRequest框架同步请求 2、iOS网络编程之MBProgressHUD等待指示器 3、iOS网络编程之iOS中Socket编程介绍 4、iOS网络编程之NSStream实现TCP Socket iPhone客户端 5、iOS网络编程之iOS中解析Bonjour服务 6、iOS网络编程之iCloud文档存储编程实例 7、iOS开发网络编程之断点续传NSURLConnection 8、iOS网络编程(六)NSURLSession详解

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